At this point, we have to bring the study of economics into the discussion. Now, before your eyes begin to glaze over, let me try to make the case that every responsible citizen that votes really needs to better understand this subject. Because economics is a social science and not a physical science, its not as black and white as say, physics or math. It attempts to predict human action in the face of many choices and limited resources, and it tends to be co-opted and manipulated by government in order to justify its largess and to accrue votes for maintaining its own power. The "group think" that exist in academia, government and our media is pervasive in our political and media culture, and is used to herd Americans into a particular way of thinking about almost everything. In this blog, I will put forth some ideas about the causes of our income disparity, but I want to caution you that these ideas are not shared among "leaders" in the mainstream. There are many entrenched interest in business, government (at all levels) and other institutions within the country that act a collective opposing force to the understanding that I layout here, and will fight fiercely to preserve that status quo, which will ultimately lead to our demise. We must use our understanding and clarity on the subject to try fight these opposing forces whenever and wherever we have the opportunity to do so.
So let's start with a very simple question. What do wealthy people do with their income? Answer: they spend a lot of it, that's very true, but a large chunk of their income is saved and placed in various assets. These assets might include; businesses, stocks, bonds and real estate, just to name a few. If you're in the bottom 90%, how is your income used? That's right! You tend to spend most of your income on housing, food, transportation, energy and entertainment and usually there's little or nothing leftover for savings. Now, this is where I need to make a VERY STRONG statement......THE GOVERNMENT CANNOT DO ANYTHING ABOUT THIS TO IMPROVE YOUR LIFE! The fact that people believe that the government has something to give us in return for their vote, demonstrates that we don't understand this simple little rule. The government (city, state, or federal) cannot give to citizenry without first taking from them. So, at some point along the income scale, you are actually getting back your own money. The problem is that people think that the rich are paying for all of this stuff and that's just not the case. Maybe down the road we will do a tax study, but for today, let's just say that 53% of tax payers are paying almost 100% of the tax. That's a lot more people than just the 'RICH".
Alright, now that we have that out of the way, let's go back to the discussion around savings and assets. Suppose I'm already rich and I have a lot of excess income. Do I hoard it, role around it, burn it in my fireplace, no, of course not? Most rich people tend to buy more assets, such as, another business or an expansion of the existing business, which is great because it creates jobs and other opportunities for workers. Here is the key to whole thing and the dirty little secret though.....do they just write a check for the new business? NO, THEY BORROW THE MONEY FROM THE BANK! They have something called collateral that can be pledged to the bank so that the bank will loan them the money they need to build up their asset base. The reason this is key to income disparity is because this option is NOT AVAILABLE to someone who is not already rich. Don't believe me? Stop into Wells Fargo or JP Morgan Chase and tell them that you want to start a business and would like to borrow $250,000. "Sure Mr. Entrepreneur, just list your assets here that you would like to pledge as collateral. What, you don't have any assets? I'm sorry, we will not able to loan you money for your new business." You see this technique of using the banking system to leverage your assets has an exponential impact on one's income. The problem is that it favors those who are already rich at the expense of those trying to save money and get rich. What incentive is there to work extra hard, live thrifty in order to save and put your money in the bank only to earn a paltry 0.025% rate of interest on those precious savings? Even if you don't care about whether or not there is an incentive to save, you simply cannot get enough return on the savings to grow it substantially in the banking system. So, today in United States, we have a banking system that privileges borrows at the expense of savers and it shouldn't privilege anybody at the expense of anybody else.
As you might have guessed, the low interest rate in our banking system is not the only factor creating the income disparity between the rich and the middle class. There has been a great deal of talk about the minimum wage or as government hacks like to call it, "Living Wage". The TV commentators like to argue about whether or not an increase the minimum wage would hurt businesses or not, or hurt employment or not, and so on..... I'm firmly in the camp that such an increase would hurt business and employment, but I want to call you attention to a much more destructive force than the minimum wage. That's right, the Federal Reserve. In 1964, the minimum wage was $1.25 an hour. You may not believe this, but you could actually live on this wage if you worked fulltime. Another obscure interesting fact about 1964, is that it was the last year that the United States mint issued 90% silver quarters.
Doing some very simple math and using today's value of silver, we could calculate the purchasing power of an individual living on the minimum wage today, if we could still be paid in 1964 quarter dollars. As you can see in the figure above, a single 1964 quarter would purchase $3.39 in today's prices. So, the five 1964 quarters with which a worker would be paid today, without any increase in the minimum wage, would purchase $16.95 worth of goods and services. If that person worked a 40 hour week, they would have a before tax income of $678 per week and if they worked 50 weeks per year, would earn $33,900 per year.
So what happened? How come a quarter minted by the U.S. Government today will not purchase $3.39 of goods and services. To fully answer these questions, we have to travel back in time and look at some history. On April 5, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6102 criminalizing the possession of gold bullion and gold certificates by citizens within the continental United States. We had officially moved from a gold standard to a gold exchange standard. In effect, what this meant, was that the United States made the U.S. Dollar the standard for all debts public and private within the continental United States. Fast forward to July 1944 to the international monetary conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. At this conference, the goal was to establish a postwar monetary order that all nations would pledge to use to settle current accounts for the purpose of trade. There were other goals at this conference, but this one is key to this article. Since most of the industrialized world was destroyed in the war and because the U.S. possessed all the gold and was producing most all of the goods and services for the globe, the participants at the conference agreed to clear trade accounts with U.S. Dollars backed by gold. This system appeared to work well and continued to operate uninterrupted until the Great Society programs passed under Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam War escalation led to vast amounts of government spending beyond what was backed by gold. Several countries, but namely France, was trying to redeem vast quantities of U.S. Dollars held in reserve in exchange for gold at the New York Federal Reserve. In effect, France was saying to the United States, "We would rather have gold than these paper Dollars. We will send you these Dollars and you can send us (France) the gold."
In August of 1971, Richard Nixon fired the final shot into the heart of the U.S. Dollar and completely disconnected it from any mooring that kept the government anchored in reality. He "TEMPORARILY" was closing the Gold Window to protect the Dollar from the "Speculators". The speculators, in this case, were the French government, who was trying to hold the United States government accountable to maintain the value of the Dollar per the Bretton Woods Conference. Since then, the government has inflated the value of the Dollar away (prices go up) and robbed each and every American of the standard of living earned and that would have increased over time making all of us more wealthy than we are today. A quick glance at the "official" Producer Price Index (PPI) chart below clearly shows the point at which inflation really began to take off in America. This graph, will no doubt, steepen over time as the effects of Quantitative Easing and other monetary trickery begin to leach out of the banking system and into the economy. Since The Great Recession, The Federal Reserve has monetized some $4.5 trillion of the official debt. This is just FED SPEAK for, we printed a bunch of new Dollars and decided to purchase bonds FROM our own U.S. Treasury. This akin to you writing a check to yourself in the amount of $1 billion and then claiming to be a billionaire. If the public cannot check the FED's power or eliminate it all together, this country will cease to exist in its current form.
In general, everybody's standard of living goes up over time with the introduction of new technology and investment by producers to make workers more productive. However, government's interference in this process by redirecting resources to the financial sector in order to create a "wealth effect", can have a negative impact on our ability to actually experience those productivity gains. This is why we should try to turn government and its "benevolence" away from attempting to manage the economy at every turn. Capitalism or the Free Enterprise System does not require the government's involvement at all to function properly and benefit its participants according to their level of production. Government managing the economy is not capitalism, in fact, it's actually statist in nature, more akin to fascism, where government and big business get together to manipulate the markets by passing legislation and creating barriers to competition. The free enterprise system is a feature of liberty and of a free people. This type of liberty leads to economic prosperity through the absence of force, manipulation, and arbitrary rules designed to control or herd people around like mindless lemmings with dollars in their pockets to be captured by the fascist overlords. Free enterprise involves voluntary cooperation, contracts, property rights, and of course, sound money. Money that can be created out of nothing and by handful of connected, powerful people for the purpose of capturing the "productive capacity" of the economy and its individual participants, is a perversion of capitalism and undermines the economic liberty of a free people and will not endure long-term. Unlike the laws that govern the natural world, economic laws can be bent to great extremes and for very long periods of time. This is because these economic laws involve people, and the manipulation of human nature which can work until direct "appearance" of incentives cease to exist. However, these perversions of economics cannot be made to last, the incentives eventually run their course, and people come kicking and screaming back to reality, where the pain is eventually distributed to all citizens. So, without the government's help, we can all expect some type of normalization back to reality. Yes, even the richest among us!